Common Eye Disease

DRY EYES

Dry eye is a common disease causing burning, gritty or tired eyes. Dry eye occurs when the eye is not bathed regularly by your tears. Your tears are essential for healthy eyes and clear vision. Dry eye generally affects computer users and post-menopausal women the most. Dry, windy, dusty and sunny environments; and infrequent eye blinking can lead to dry eye. Artificial eye drops are a common solution to dry eye and are readily available. For extreme or regular dry eyes, seek professional advice.

GLAUCOMA

It is often thought that Glaucoma is a disease suffered by elderly people. In fact it is a disease which can start much earlier in life. Approximately 2% of people over the age of 40 have glaucoma and the risk increases with age. It is now one of the leading causes of blindness. Often you are unaware that you may have early stages of glaucoma. This occurs when the internal pressure of aqueous fluid inside your eyes increases. This causes damage to the optic nerve, resulting in loss of vision.

Your central vision may be very clear, so you may not notice any reduction in your side vision. It is very difficult to recognise peripheral visual fields defects, which is why it can remain undetected at the early stages. Early detection is important. Glaucoma cannot be prevented , but if treated at the early stages it can be controlled. Unchecked glaucoma is a painless and symptom-less progression towards blindness. Vision loss to glaucoma cannot be restored.

The best prevention is for regular checkups to measure the ocular pressure and access the optic nerve. If you have a family history, are very near sighted or diabetic there is a higher risk of developing the disease. Talk to our professional optometrist and book in for a retinal photo.

 

CATARACTS

What is a Cataract?

Cataracts are mostly found in people over 55. A cataract is a clouding of all or part of the lens in your eye. This results in blurred and distorted vision. During early stages low-visual aids can compensate for this problem. Surgery can remove the clouded natural lens and replace it with an artificial lens if required. If you have any concerns call us today to make an appointment. To seek more advice talk to our optometrist.

How do I know?

Cataracts can develop without any discomfort. Early indications can be from blurred vision and the appearance of spots in front of the eyes. Increased sensitivity to glare or a feeling of looking through a film are also indications you may be developing cataracts. We can prescribe contact lenses and spectacles so you can maintain good vision at the early stages. If the cataract starts to affect your daily activities our optometrist will refer you to an eye specialist.

CONJUNCTIVITIS

Conjunctivitis is a common infection or irritation of your eye. Infections can occur by bacteria, viruses, allergies or chemicals. Treatment must deal with the cause and requires extra cleanliness. Consult our optometrist.